Why is JUnit used in Selenium?

Why is JUnit used in Selenium? What is the reason behind its popularity among software testers?

JUnit is an open-source, Java-based framework for unit testing. JUnit is mainly used to test each unit or part of your application, such as classes and methods. It is beneficial to write and run repeatable automated tests to ensure that the code works as expected. Selenium is backed by the JUnit framework for automated testing of web applications or websites.

Why Is It Popular?

  • It is an open-source framework.

  • Provides integrations with IDEs like Eclipse, IntelliJ, and others, allowing you to test and run the code quickly and easily.

  • Provides integration with CI/CD tools like Jenkins, Teamcity, and others to assist you in establishing a powerful delivery pipeline.

  • Provides assertions to make it easier to equate real outcomes to projected results.

  • Annotations are given to assist you in determining the form of test methods.

  • Allows you to create a test suite that contains several test cases and even other test suites.

  • Provides a Test Runner to assist you in quickly running a Test Suite.

  • It improves the readability, elegance, and accuracy of the test code.