Why is automation testing required?

Can anyone please tell me why is automation testing required.

Software Testing: A process of analyzing a software item to detect the differences between existing and required conditions (i.e., defects) and to evaluate the features of the software item.

Following are the advantages of software testing:

  1. Cost-effectiveness
  2. Customer Satisfaction
  3. Security
  4. Product Quality

Manual and Automation testing are two types of software testing and they have important roles to play but one needs to be aware of when to make use of the right one.

1. Time Consumption and Cost to the Company:

In a project where the content is large and the testing phase runs for quite a long time, automation testing is the perfect choice since It reduces the number of resources required. Multiple types of similar test case scenarios can be executed simultaneously with a single script. For a large project, the estimated budget is sufficient enough to afford the setup and maintenance of an automated testing tool. However, in small projects where the testing phase runs for only a few weeks, Manual testing is more preferable since.

2. False Positives and False Negatives:

A false positive is a scenario where the system is fundamentally working fine but the automation scripts show otherwise. This could cost a tester a huge amount of his time and money for finding something which doesn’t even exist. Vice-versa, a false negative is a scenario where the automation script declares the system to be working fine when in reality, it isn’t! This happens if the initial stage of a database is inaccurate or if test environment settings are abrupt due to network issues. So even if you do have automation testing the accuracy of test results will still not be guaranteed.

3. Cloud Computing Softwares are vastly dependent on automated testing tools. The reason being that the resources shared on the cloud is supposed to be accessible by anytime, anywhere and by anybody with an internet facility. So testing whether your software is working as intended all day & everywhere could not only be very tedious and faulty if done manually. But it could also be highly time-consuming. If you are worried about your product instability and have a long list of test cases to perform on daily basis then automation testing can ease your life.

You can use a platform like QAppAssure which allows you to test on-cloud and on-field devices, across 100+ device, make and models, Integrate with Jira, CI/CD tools, and also use Appium, Calabash, Espresso, UIAutomator, XCUITest.

Automation Testing- Automated testing or test automation is a tactic in software testing that uses a special software tools that controls the execution of tests and later compares actual test results with predicted or the expected outcomes. All this is conducted automatically with little or no intervention from the test engineer. It is used to add up additional testing that may seem to be difficult to conduct it manually.

Requirement for automation testing – As the name suggests- to automate a process and less involvement of human intervention. So, why do we use automation testing? The chief reasons behind this are-

Time-saving- As it employs the usage of test case to find out the bugs in the software program, it is less time consuming as compared to other testing methods. If testing is conducted faster, then the deployment frequency of the product in the market increases to enormous level.

Less prone to errors- It includes the usage of software program to test the applications so that the chances of human errors get minimized. Manual efforts require to generate the test case and command to run the testing process. with this the various kinds of human errors get eliminated to great extent.

Repeated execution- When you need to run the test case for huge number of times so as to figure out the validity of the application then automation testing can prove out to be a boon.

Reliable- When we automate any application or process, the reliability is automatically raised to many folds. the major reason being the human errors.